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围棋对AI远比你想象的重要

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年06月16日 20:48:25
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(国)(际)(围)(棋)(联)(盟)(主)(席)(常)(振)(明)(宣)(布)(将)(举)(办)(首)(届)(世)(界)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(公)(开)(赛)(
国)(际)(围)(棋)(联)(盟)(举)(办)(首)(届)(世)(界)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(公)(开)(赛)(恰)(逢)(其)(时)(,一)(个)(世)(界)(权)(威)(,公)(平)(公)(正)(赛)(事)(的)(出)(现)(,无)(疑)(会)(让)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(的)(发)(展)(真)(正)(走)(上)(正)(轨)(。
围)(棋)(是)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)(试)(炼)(场)(
这)(一)(年)(多)(来)(,AlphaGo与)(李)(世)(石)(,柯)(洁)(的)(两)(次)(“人)(机)(大)(战)(”,把)(人)(工)(智)(能)(话)(题)(炒)(得)(沸)(沸)(扬)(扬)(,人)(们)(对)(人)(工)(智)(能)(下)(围)(棋)(这)(件)(事)(,也)(有)(各)(种)(讨)(论)(。但)(所)(有)(人)(达)(成)(的)(一)(点)(共)(识)(是)(:“第)(四)(次)(工)(业)(革)(命)(,人)(工)(智)(能)(时)(代)(就)(要)(来)(了)(,或)(者)(说)(已)(经)(来)(了)(。”
就)(在)(几)(天)(前)(,DeepMind的)(科)(学)(家)(们)(又)(发)(布)(了)(论)(文)(,他)(们)(又)(通)(过)(深)(度)(学)(习)(技)(术)(,让)(人)(工)(智)(能)(具)(备)(了)(推)(理)(预)(测)(能)(力)(,而)(且)(准)(确)(度)(超)(过)(了)(人)(类)(。研)(发)(团)(队)(一)(直)(强)(调)(,AlphaGo是)(一)(套)(通)(用)(人)(工)(智)(能)(系)(统)(。训)(练)(围)(棋)(人)(工)(智)(能)(应)(用)(到)(的)(监)(督)(学)(习)(,强)(化)(学)(习)(技)(术)(是)(可)(以)(应)(用)(到)(所)(有)(深)(度)(学)(习)(领)(域)(的)(。
DeepMind是)(一)(家)(伟)(大)(的)(人)(工)(智)(能)(技)(术)(公)(司)(
有)(人)(吐)(槽)(人)(工)(智)(能)(会)(下)(围)(棋)(又)(能)(怎)(样)(?其)(实)(DeepMind更)(像)(是)(一)(家)(在)(人)(工)(智)(能)(领)(域)(做)(基)(础)(研)(究)(的)(研)(究)(所)(,他)(们)(的)(“爱)(好)(”就)(是)(发)(布)(各)(种)(关)(于)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)(论)(文)(,AlphaGo是)(目)(前)(最)(有)(名)(的)(一)(篇)(。你)(会)(觉)(得)(研)(究)(基)(础)(数)(学)(、物)(理)(是)(没)(用)(的)(一)(件)(事)(么)(?
有)(报)(道)(称)(,DeepMind利)(用)(AlphaGo的)(相)(关)(技)(术)(,帮)(助)(谷)(歌)(全)(球)(的)(大)(型)(数)(据)(中)(心)(减)(少)(了)(12%的)(能)(耗)(。看)(似)(是)(个)(不)(大)(的)(数)(据)(,但)(据)(估)(算)(,这)(一)(点)(小)(小)(的)(改)(进)(令)(谷)(歌)(公)(司)(每)(年)(的)(电)(费)(下)(降)(了)(近)(2千)(万)(美)(元)(。
腾)(讯)(是)(另)(外)(一)(家)(大)(力)(投)(入)(围)(棋)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)(巨)(头)(。据)(报)(道)(,绝)(艺)(围)(棋)(人)(工)(智)(能)(光)(硬)(件)(上)(的)(投)(入)(就)(高)(达)(6千)(万)(元)(人)(民)(币)(。而)(且)(传)(说)(在)(腾)(讯)(内)(部)(,还)(有)(其)(他)(几)(只)(队)(伍)(在)(做)(围)(棋)(AI,绝)(艺)(是)(内)(部)(选)(拔)(塞)(冠)(军)(,所)(以)(才)(获)(得)(了)(代)(表)(出)(战)(的)(机)(会)(。以)(围)(棋)(相)(对)(小)(众)(的)(市)(场)(来)(看)(,很)(难)(想)(象)(腾)(讯)(这)(家)(商)(业)(化)(的)(公)(司)(会)(放)(这)(么)(大)(的)(投)(入)(在)(这)(之)(上)(,但)(事)(实)(就)(是)(如)(此)(。
腾)(讯)(绝)(艺)(项)(目)(马)(化)(腾)(非)(常)(关)(注)(
腾)(讯)(人)(工)(智)(能)(团)(队)(负)(责)(人)(也)(很)(实)(在)(,他)(们)(这)(么)(做)(的)(初)(衷)(在)(于)(组)(建)(打)(磨)(人)(工)(智)(能)(工)(程)(师)(团)(队)(。完)(成)(围)(棋)(AI项)(目)(对)(人)(工)(智)(能)(人)(才)(来)(说)(是)(一)(笔)(极)(其)(宝)(贵)(的)(经)(验)(。而)(且)(在)(研)(发)(的)(过)(程)(当)(中)(,团)(队)(也)(对)(深)(度)(学)(习)(技)(术)(有)(了)(更)(深)(的)(理)(解)(和)(拓)(展)(。
很)(有)(趣)(的)(一)(个)(现)(象)(是)(,虽)(然)(都)(是)(基)(于)(深)(度)(学)(习)(技)(术)(训)(练)(出)(来)(的)(围)(棋)(AI,但)(各)(自)(展)(现)(出)(来)(的)(棋)(风)(却)(不)(尽)(相)(同)(,有)(的)(雍)(容)(淡)(定)(,有)(的)(骁)(勇)(善)(战)(,有)(的)(谨)(小)(慎)(微)(……
教)(育)(与)(围)(棋)(和)(人)(工)(智)(能)(
回)(到)(围)(棋)(的)(话)(题)(上)(来)(,人)(工)(智)(能)(给)(围)(棋)(带)(来)(的)(不)(仅)(仅)(是)(技)(术)(上)(的)(变)(革)(,理)(念)(上)(的)(冲)(击)(,更)(多)(的)(还)(是)(推)(广)(上)(的)(契)(机)(。但)(遗)(憾)(的)(是)(,最)(后)(这)(一)(点)(此)(前)(似)(乎)(被)(大)(家)(忽)(略)(了)(。
我)(们)(做)(过)(一)(个)(统)(计)(,两)(次)(围)(棋)(人)(机)(大)(战)(新)(浪)(微)(博)(上)(的)(相)(关)(话)(题)(阅)(读)(量)(已)(经)(超)(过)(了)(10亿)(,作)(为)(一)(个)(围)(棋)(和)(科)(技)(事)(件)(,有)(这)(样)(的)(关)(注)(度)(非)(常)(惊)(人)(。可)(惜)(的)(是)(,这)(里)(面)(绝)(大)(部)(分)(都)(只)(是)(“围)(观)(群)(众)(”,很)(多)(关)(注)(者)(表)(示)(对)(围)(棋)(很)(有)(兴)(趣)(,但)(不)(知)(道)(怎)(么)(学)(……
人)(工)(智)(能)(与)(围)(棋)(教)(育)(其)(实)(有)(很)(大)(的)(结)(合)(前)(景)(。围)(棋)(的)(教)(育)(功)(能)(几)(乎)(所)(有)(中)(国)(人)(都)(知)(道)(,“琴)(棋)(书)(画)(”四)(艺)(流)(传)(已)(久)(。但)(真)(正)(说)(到)(细)(节)(,却)(似)(乎)(又)(“只)(可)(意)(会)(不)(可)(言)(传)(”。不)(过)(,随)(着)(人)(工)(智)(能)(与)(围)(棋)(教)(育)(的)(深)(度)(结)(合)(,未)(来)(是)(可)(能)(通)(过)(孩)(子)(的)(几)(盘)(棋)(谱)(,得)(出)(他)(在)(棋)(盘)(上)(的)(计)(算)(能)(力)(,推)(理)(能)(力)(,创)(新)(能)(力)(等)(相)(对)(客)(观)(的)(数)(值)(的)(。这)(样)(围)(棋)(教)(育)(会)(变)(得)(科)(学)(,严)(谨)(,有)(的)(放)(矢)(。
聂)(卫)(平)(的)(心)(愿)(是)(让)(更)(多)(的)(人)(学)(会)(下)(围)(棋)(
此)(前)(,聂)(卫)(平)(在)(接)(受)(新)(浪)(网)(采)(访)(时)(曾)(谈)(到)(这)(个)(问)(题)(:“如)(果)(AlphaGo这)(样)(的)(人)(工)(智)(能)(能)(够)(到)(我)(们)(道)(场)(来)(当)(助)(教)(,那)(就)(太)(好)(了)(!”在)(围)(棋)(教)(育)(行)(业)(,师)(资)(一)(直)(是)(个)(难)(题)(,随)(着)(人)(工)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(的)(发)(展)(,或)(许)(将)(成)(为)(一)(大)(助)(力)(。
同)(样)(人)(工)(智)(能)(对)(于)(成)(年)(围)(棋)(用)(户)(来)(说)(同)(样)(重)(要)(,首)(先)(是)(辅)(助)(观)(赛)(系)(统)(。现)(在)(精)(彩)(的)(围)(棋)(比)(赛)(总)(是)(蕴)(含)(着)(深)(邃)(的)(计)(算)(,别)(说)(是)(普)(通)(爱)(好)(者)(,就)(算)(是)(职)(业)(棋)(手)(想)(读)(懂)(棋)(谱)(,也)(需)(要)(一)(些)(时)(间)(。但)(随)(着)(人)(工)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(辅)(助)(系)(统)(的)(出)(现)(,会)(让)(普)(通)(观)(众)(观)(赛)(变)(得)(更)(加)(清)(晰)(,简)(便)(,甚)(至)(即)(使)(不)(太)(会)(下)(围)(棋)(的)(人)(,也)(能)(通)(过)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)(判)(断)(,有)(“热)(闹)(”可)(看)(。
再)(者)(,人)(工)(智)(能)(围)(棋)(教)(练)(、助)(教)(对)(成)(年)(人)(学)(习)(,提)(升)(围)(棋)(都)(有)(着)(显)(而)(易)(见)(的)(作)(用)(。虽)(然)(与)(人)(工)(智)(能)(下)(比)(赛)(很)(痛)(苦)(,但)(通)(过)(人)(工)(智)(能)(学)(习)(围)(棋)(,欣)(赏)(围)(棋)(是)(件)(很)(惬)(意)(的)(事)(儿)(。新)(版)(AlphaGo自)(我)(对)(弈)(的)(五)(十)(盘)(棋)(谱)(,令)(围)(棋)(界)(还)(在)(细)(细)(品)(味)(。
总)(之)(,通)(过)(围)(棋)(与)(教)(育)(的)(深)(入)(结)(合)(,才)(有)(能)(真)(正)(把)(人)(机)(大)(战)(带)(来)(的)(围)(棋)(关)(注)(度)(,转)(化)(成)(普)(及)(与)(推)(广)(的)(动)(力)(。
柯)(洁)(与)(DeepMind创)(始)(人)(哈)(萨)(比)(斯)(
2017年)(5月)(27日)(的)(围)(棋)(峰)(会)(上)(,AlphaGo宣)(布)(退)(役)(,不)(再)(下)(比)(赛)(,但)(围)(棋)(与)(人)(工)(智)(能)(的)(“棋)(妙)(未)(来)(”才)(刚)(刚)(开)(始)(。
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